The Anthropolands project aims to contribute to the international debate on the theme of the Anthropocene by resorting to data kept in Portuguese archives and analysing it from a Science, Technology and Medicine (STM) perspective.

The African Portuguese empire will be used (i) as a case-study of the construction of a Neo Portugal (following the Crosby’s 1993 terminology Neo-Europes) through the technoscientific intervention as a ‘domestication’ instrument of colonial territories, and (ii) an opportunity to use the changes in African landscapes as a laboratory of reflection about the concept of Anthropocene.